First off welcome to the boards, there is alot of hunting info on here so, don't worry, pretty soon you will be pretty well set in your knowledge. Lets start off here....
Hunting is a way to relax. The kill is the least important part, it is nice to harvest a deer, but, it isn't the best part of hunting. Hunting is a great way to meet with friends, make new friends, and just see the world in a new way. There is nothing like sitting in a tree in the woods on a cool fall morning and watching the sun rise over a hill. It is peaceful and, whenever a deer comes in, your blood starts pumping through your veins, your heart beats faster and harder.
Now, hunting is HARD work too. You must learn a deer's anatomy in order to know where to aim. Behind the front shoulder is the best spot to aim. This is where the heart/lungs are. A hit in the heart/lungs with a gun will usually cause a deer to instantly die, or VERY soon afterwards. A shot with a bow in the heart/lungs will usually cause the deer to die within 15 seconds to a minute. Also, you must know when to shoot and when not too. A broadside shot is what you want.
You must always follow the rules and regulations. You must have a respect for the deer, you don't want to hunt just so you can kill something, that isn't hunting, hunting is a whole lot more than that. You always want to practice SAFETY. Know where you are shooting and what is beyond that. Keep guns unloaded when driving, sitting in the house, ect...
I can tell you some terms, but, you are going to need to tell me what you already know. There are so many terms, but, you may already know somethings so it would be pointless to go over them.
Here is a link that will show you a deer's anatomy http://home.mn.rr.com/deerfever/Anatomy.html
Here are a few websites that you may want to check out..
And you are on a great place to learn. Just ask some questions and everyone on here will help you out. Welcome to the sport, it is addicting and just a wonderful thing.
Good Luck This Season: Buck Magnet
Check out my hunting PICS here http://community.webshots.com/user/buckmagnet